# 関係詞節が命令文になる?!

If, however, private property was seen as a means to other liberal attributes, say self-development, that might explain the fluctuating fortunes of the concept of property in liberal thought and practice—namely, its relative centrality or distance from the liberal core, on which, see Chapter 4.

In the short-hand style of dictionaries, the phrase om vilket se (lit. ‘of which see’) is used to direct the reader forward. Referring phrases of this exact sort occur in Latin: quod vide. Presumably, the Swedish om vilket se should be seen as an instance of adaptation to the Latin equivalent, an adaptation that has occurred in other European languages as well (e.g. English which see). The Latin phrase is not to be analysed as a subordinate clause containing an imperative verb form. Rather, it is an instance of so called relative connection, whereby a wh-phrase is used in a non-interrogative (i.e. relative) way in an independent utterance.

(48) a. Please accept my check for $3.69, which find enclosed. b. Examples abound in Ross (1967), which see. Cinque (2008) もこの用例を多く載せています。 As with il quale-nonrestrictives (and differently from che/cui-nonrestrictives) in Italian (cf. (10)(11) above), English nonrestrictives can also be non-declarative. See (36), where the nonrestrictives are interrogative, and (37), where they are imperative (37a/b), or optative (37c): (36) a. There is then our father, by whom will we ever be forgiven for what we have done? b. It may clear up, in which case would you mind hanging the washing out? (= (10ii) of Huddleston and Pullum 2002,1061) c. She may have her parents with her, in which case where am I going to sleep? (= (10iii) of Huddleston and Pullum 2002,1061) d. I want to talk to that man, who who the hell is he anyway? (Andrews 1975,28) (37) a. Please accept my check for$3.69, which find enclosed! (Martin 1972,5)
b. He said he’d show a few slides towards the end of his talk, at which point please remember to dim the lights!
(= (10i) of Huddleston and Pullum 2002,1061)
c. My friend, who God forbid you should ever meet,...(John Lyons, reported in Werth 1974,fn.4)

If I were the marrying kind,
Which thank the lord I’m not sir,
The kind of man that I would wed,
Would be a rugby full-back.

というラグビーの歌を引用しているようです。Werth はこの “thank the lord” が挿入句とも考えられるとコメントしつつも、“God forbid” が挿入句であるとは考えられないとして非制限節の特徴を強調しています。

# 参考文献

Cinque, G. (2008). Two types of nonrestrictive relatives. Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics. 7.
Freeden, M. (2015). Liberalism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Petzell, E. M. (2013). Relative inversion and non-verb-initial imperatives in Early Modern Swedish. Nordic Journal of Linguistics, 36(01), 27–55. doi:10.1017/s0332586513000115
Werth, P. (1974). Some thoughts on non-restrictive relatives. Linguistics, 142:33–67.